Background: With an increasing number of refugees migrating across continents the crisis is very apparent. Aims: A literature review of patterns, risk factors and effects of PTSD and depression in refugee minors was carried out involving those who have resettled in a different developed country. Methods: Papers were narrowed down by reading the abstracts and methods to ascertain whether the refugee children had resettled in developed countries and to ensure that they had not just been internally displaced. Results: High incidences of PTSD and depression were found in refugee minors and poorer mental health was correlated with increased exposure to violence. Factors such as social support and family security were important in reducing the rates of PTSD and depression whereas the implications of age and gender were unclear. Long term effects from these mental illnesses indicated scholastic issues but no further worsening of symptoms. Conclusions: Further research is needed regarding the follow-up of refugee minors with PTSD and depression to allow for the establishment of more effective support systems, as long term outcomes become more clearly understood. Few papers discuss the influence of religion which may be an interesting line of future research as refugees move to more secular societies.