The effects of exercise training on hypertensive older adults: an umbrella meta-analysis

Amanda Veiga Sardeli, Garett John Griffth, Marcus Vinícius Mattos Abreu dos Santos, Mariana Stella Reinato Ito, Mara Patrícia Traina Chacon-Mikahil

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Abstract

Exercise training has been shown to blunt many of the physiological declines and common diseases of the aging process. One such beneficial effect is the reduction of blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive older adults. However, there is no consensus about which benefits of aerobic (AT) or resistance training (RT) may be lost by the use of combined training (CT) or even what benefits could be acquired only by performing CT, considering the extensive health needs of older adults with hypertension. Thus, we performed an umbrella meta-analysis. The benefits conferred by CT are extensive and encompass cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, and blood lipid profile improvements. CT may be recommended to improve the extensive health needs of hypertensive older adults that go beyond blood pressure reduction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1434–1443
Number of pages10
JournalHypertension Research
Volume44
Early online date12 Aug 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Blood pressure
  • Resistance training
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Muscle strength

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