The effect of urban land-use change on runoff water quality: a case study in Hangzhou City

Li Li, Qidi Yu, Ling Gao, Bing Yu, Zhipeng Lu

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The main functions of this research are to guide the proportion of urban land that is used and the layout of the facilities on it, help understand the changes to surface runoff that are caused by land being used in urban development, and thus solve surface runoff pollution. Hangzhou City, China has been selected for the experiment, and the way in which its land is utilized as well as the grading of urban construction projects in the demonstration area are specifically analyzed. This study systematically distinguishes the definitions of impervious area based on the Sutherland equation and analyzes the impact of different impervious area subtypes on surface runoff water quality. Then, we compare the impact of impervious area subtypes with the impact of other land-use patterns on surface runoff water quality. This study shows the relationship between different land-use types and runoff water bodies: Land-use index can affect runoff water quality; Greening activities, impervious surface, and the water quality index are negatively correlated; the effective impervious area rate is positively correlated with the water quality index. The paper suggests that increasing the proportion of green spaces and permeable roads in build-up land reduces the effective impervious area (EIA) and thus controls land runoff pollution and improves runoff water quality.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10748
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2021


  • land-use change
  • surface runoff
  • water pollution
  • urban facilities


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