The EBLM project. VII. Spin-orbit alignment for the circumbinary planet host EBLM J0608-59 A/TOI-1338 A

Vedad Kunovac Hodžić, Amaury H. M. J. Triaud, David V. Martin, Daniel C. Fabrycky, Heather M. Cegla, Andrew Collier Cameron, Samuel Gill, Coel Hellier, Veselin B. Kostov, Pierre F. L. Maxted, Jerome A. Orosz, Francesco Pepe, Don Pollacco, Didier Queloz, Damien Ségransan, Stéphane Udry, William F. Welsh

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A dozen short-period detached binaries are known to host transiting circumbinary planets. In all circumbinary systems so far, the planetary and binary orbits are aligned within a couple of degrees. However, the obliquity of the primary star, which is an important tracer of their formation, evolution, and tidal history, has only been measured in one circumbinary system until now. EBLM J0608-59/TOI-1338 is a low-mass eclipsing binary system with a recently discovered circumbinary planet identified by TESS. Here, we perform high-resolution spectroscopy during primary eclipse to measure the projected stellar obliquity of the primary component. The obliquity is low, and thus the primary star is aligned with the binary and planetary orbits with a projected spin-orbit angle $\beta = 2.8 \pm 17.1$ deg. The rotation period of $18.1 \pm 1.6$ days implied by our measurement of $v\sin{i_\star}$ suggests that the primary has not yet pseudo-synchronized with the binary orbit, but is consistent with gyrochronology and weak tidal interaction with the binary companion. Our result, combined with the known coplanarity of the binary and planet orbits, is suggestive of formation from a single disc. Finally, we considered whether the spectrum of the faint secondary star could affect our measurements. We show through simulations that the effect is negligible for our system, but can lead to strong biases in $v\sin{i_\star}$ and $\beta$ for higher flux ratios. We encourage future studies in eclipse spectroscopy test the assumption of a dark secondary for flux ratios $\gtrsim 1$ ppt.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

7 pages, 3 figures. Accepted in MNRAS. Fixed a few typos


  • astro-ph.EP
  • astro-ph.SR


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