The development of TiNi-based negative Poisson's ratio structure using selective laser melting

Sheng Li, Hany Hassanin, Moataz Attallah, Nicholas Adkins, Khamis Essa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Citations (Scopus)
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There is a growing interest in using additive manufacturing to produce smart structures, which have the capability to respond to thermal and mechanical stimuli. In this report, Selective Laser Melting (SLM) is used to build a Negative Poisson's Ratio (NPR) TiNi-based Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) structure, creating a multi-functional structure that could be used as reusable armour. The study assesses the influence of SLM process parameters (laser power, scan speed, and track spacing) on the microstructural and structural integrity development in a Ti-rich TiNi alloy, as well as the impact of the post-process homogenisation treatment on the microstructure and phase transformations. The builds generally shows stress-induced cracks and residual porosity, which could be minimised through process optimisation. Nonetheless, the homogenisation treatment is essential to reduce the fraction of Ti2Ni intermetallics, which are known to disturb the B19-chemistry, and hence the required phase transformation temperatures. The optimum process parameters are finally used to fabricate NPR structures, which were mechanically tested to validate the Poisson’s ratio predictions. A higher ductility was observed in the structures that have undergone the homogenisation treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-83
JournalActa Materialia
Early online date24 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2016


  • Shape Memory alloys
  • Selective Laser Melting
  • Microstructural Development
  • Heat Treatment
  • Negative Poisson’s Ratio Structures


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