The coefficient of restitution of different representative types of granules

C Mangwandi, YS Cheong, Michael Adams, MJ Hounslow, AD Salman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)


Gas fluidised beds have many applications in a wide range of industrial sectors and it is important to be able to predict their performance. This requires, for example, a deeper appreciation of the flow of the particles in such systems using both empirical and numerical methods. The coefficient of restitution is an important collisional parameter that is used in some granular flow models in order to predict the velocities and positions of the particles in fluidised beds. The current paper reports experimental data involving the coefficients of restitution of three different representative types of granule viz. melt, wet and binderless granules. They were measured at various impact velocities and the values were compared with those calculated from different theoretical models based on quasi-static contact mechanics. This required knowledge of the Young's moduli and yield stresses, which were measured quasi-statically using diametric compression. The results show that the current theoretical models for the coefficient of restitution explored here lead to either an over- or an under-estimation of the measured values. The melt granules exhibited the greatest values of the coefficient of restitution, Young's modulus and yield stress. The differences in these values were consistent with the nature of the interparticle bonding for each of the three granule types. A new model for the calculation of the coefficient of restitution of granular material was developed that takes account of the work hardening of the granules during impact. Generally, this model provides an improved prediction of the measured values. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-450
Number of pages14
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • yield stress
  • autoadhesion
  • wet
  • binderless granule
  • melt
  • critical yield velocity
  • coefficient of restitution
  • Young's modulus


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