The application of an implementation science framework to comprehensive school physical activity programs: Be a champion!

Justin B. Moore*, Russell L. Carson, Collin A. Webster, Camelia R. Singletary, Darla M. Castelli, Russell R. Pate, Michael W. Beets, Aaron Beighle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs) have been endorsed as a promising strategy to increase youth physical activity (PA) in school settings. A CSPAP is a five-component approach, which includes opportunities before, during, and after school for PA. Extensive resources are available to public health practitioners and school officials regarding what should be implemented, but little guidance and few resources are available regarding how to effectively implement a CSPAP. Implementation science provides a number of conceptual frameworks that can guide implementation of a CSPAP, but few published studies have employed an implementation science framework to a CSPAP. Therefore, we developed Be a Champion! (BAC), which represents a synthesis of implementation science strategies, modified for application to CSPAPs implementation in schools while allowing for local tailoring of the approach. This article describes BAC while providing examples from the implementation of a CSPAP in three rural elementary schools.

Original languageEnglish
Article number354
JournalFrontiers in public health
Issue numberJAN
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank our community partners on the Be a Champion! project, including the administrators, teachers, staff, students, and parents of the participating school district. Without their participation, this project would not have been possible. Research reported in this abstract was supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health under award number R21HL121692. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. NCT02465372.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Moore, Carson, Webster, Singletary, Castelli, Pate, Beets and Beighle.


  • Communities of practice
  • Community-engaged research
  • Physical education teachers
  • School physical activity promotion
  • Service-learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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