Testing a model of antecedents and consequences of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping in school physical education.

Nikolaos Ntoumanis, IM Taylor, M Standage

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13 Citations (Scopus)
190 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There has been very limited research on the use of self-worth protection strategies in the achievement context of school physical education (PE). Thus, this study aimed to examine some antecedents and consequences of defensive pessimism and self-handicapping. The sample comprised 534 (females n = 275; males n = 259) British pupils recruited from two schools who responded to established questionnaires. Results of structural equation modelling analysis indicated that self-handicapping and defensive pessimism were positively predicted by fear of failure and negatively predicted by competence valuation. In addition, defensive pessimism was negatively predicted by physical self-concept. In turn, defensive pessimism negatively predicted enjoyment in PE and intentions to participate in future optional PE programs. Self-handicapping did not predict enjoyment or intentions. Results from multi-sample structural equation modelling showed the specified model to be largely invariant across males and females. The findings indicate that although both strategies aim to protect one’s self-worth, some of their antecedents and consequences in PE may differ.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1515-25
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume28
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2010

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