Targeted disruption of the murine fps/fes proto-oncogene reveals that Fps/Fes kinase activity is dispensable for hematopoiesis

Y Senis, R Zirngibl, J McVeigh, A Haman, T Hoang, P A Greer

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43 Citations (Scopus)


The fps/fes proto-oncogene encodes a cytoplasmic protein-tyrosine kinase that is functionally implicated in the survival and terminal differentiation of myeloid progenitors and in signaling from several members of the cytokine receptor superfamily. To gain further insight into the physiological function of fps/fes, we targeted the mouse locus with a kinase-inactivating missense mutation. Mutant Fps/Fes protein was expressed at normal levels in these mice, but it lacked detectable kinase activity. Homozygous mutant animals were viable and fertile, and they showed no obvious defects. Flow cytometry analysis of bone marrow showed no statistically significant differences in the levels of myeloid, erythroid, or B-cell precursors. Subtle abnormalities observed in mutant mice included slightly elevated total leukocyte counts and splenomegaly. In bone marrow hematopoietic progenitor cell colony-forming assays, mutant mice gave slightly elevated numbers and variable sizes of CFU-granulocyte macrophage in response to interleukin-3 (IL-3) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Tyrosine phosphorylation of Stat3 and Stat5A in bone marrow-derived macrophages was dramatically reduced in response to GM-CSF but not to IL-3 or IL-6. This suggests a distinct nonredundant role for Fps/Fes in signaling from the GM-CSF receptor that does not extend to the closely related IL-3 receptor. Lipopolysaccharide-induced Erk1/2 activation was also reduced in mutant macrophages. These subtle molecular phenotypes suggest a possible nonredundant role for Fps/Fes in myelopoiesis and immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7436-46
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999


  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD14
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fertility
  • Hematopoiesis
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells
  • Homozygote
  • Macrophages
  • Mice
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Milk Proteins
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Organ Size
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Receptors, Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Receptors, Interleukin-3
  • STAT3 Transcription Factor
  • STAT5 Transcription Factor
  • Signal Transduction
  • Spleen
  • Trans-Activators


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