Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescent properties of novel Eu3+ heterocyclic betadiketonate complexes with bidentate nitrogen donors

S Biju, DBA Raj, MLP Reddy, Benson Kariuki

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New tris(heterocyclic beta-diketonato) europium(III) complexes of the general formula Eu(PBl)(3)L-. [where HPBI = 3-phenyl-4-benzoyl-5-isoxazolone and L = H2O, 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), 4,4'-dimethoxy-2,2'-bipyridine (dmbpy), 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), or 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (bath)] were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), H-1 NMR, high-resolution mass spectrometry, thermogravimetric analysis, and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy. Single-crystal X-ray structures have been determined for the complexes Eu(PBl)(3)(H2OEtOH)-H-.-Et-. and Eu(PBl)(3)(.)phen. The complex Eu(PBl)(3)(.) (H2OEtOH)-Et-. is mononuclear, and the central Eu3+ ion is coordinated by eight oxygen atoms to form a bicapped trigonal prism coordination polyhedron. Six oxygens are from the three bidentate HPBI ligands, one is from a water molecule, and another is from an ethanol molecule. On the other hand, the crystal structure of Eu(PBl)(3), phen reveals a distorted square antiprismatic geometry around the europium atom. The room-temperature PL spectra of the europium(III) complexes are composed of the typical Eu3+ red emission, assigned to transitions between the first excited state (D-5(0)) and the multiplet(F-7(0-4)). The results demonstrate that the substitution of solvent molecules by bidentate nitrogen ligands in Eu(PBl)(3), H2O, EtOH richly enhances the quantum yield and lifetime values. To elucidate the energy transfer process of the europium complexes, the energy levels of the relevant electronic states have been estimated. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Omega(2) and Omega(4)) were determined from the emission spectra for Eu3+ ion based on the (5) D-0 -> F-7(2) and D-5(0) -> F-7(4) electronic transitions, respectively, and the D-5(0) -> F-7(1) magnetic dipole allowed transition was taken as the reference. The high values obtained for the 4f-4f intensity parameter Omega(2) for europium complexes suggest that the dynamic coupling mechanism is quite operative in these compounds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10651-10660
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 25 Dec 2006


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