Sustainable manufacturing: Creating a regional forest-based bio-economy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter uses insights from the literatures on evolutionary economic geography and transitions to discuss changes in socio-economic systems with a focus on environmental sustainability. It describes and analyses processes of transition towards a sustainable forest-based bio-economy. The chapter discusses the role of agency and the multi-scalar nature of regional transitions to new socio-technical systems. Evolutionary interpretations of regional development and diversification have emphasised the importance of local knowledge given the path-dependent nature of learning and technological change. Socio-technical-systems transitions involve not only new technologies but also changes in markets and user practices, as well as institutions which are often contested. Profit-driven firms are also tightly integrated into the knowledge and innovation networks of their parent companies. This double-embeddedness enables these firms to play a significant role in the upgrading of the innovative and manufacturing capabilities of the locality as they can become conduits for the entry of state-of-the-art knowledge into the region.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIndustry 4.0 and Regional Transformations
PublisherTaylor & Francis
Number of pages15
Edition1st Edition
ISBN (Electronic)9780429057984 , Lisa de Propris, David Bailey
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2020


  • sustainable manufacturing
  • bioeconomy
  • Innovation
  • industry 4.0
  • Regional development


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