Sustainability-based lifecycle management for bridge infrastructure using 6D BIM

Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Jessada Sresakoolchai, Zhihao Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
192 Downloads (Pure)


A number of bridge infrastructures are rising significantly due to economic expansion and growing numbers of railway and road infrastructures. Owing to the complexity of bridge design, traditional design methods always create tedious and time-consuming construction processes. In recent years, Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been developed rapidly to provide a faster solution to generate and process the integration of information in a shared environment. This paper aims to highlight an innovative 6D BIM approach for the lifecycle asset management of a bridge infrastructure by using Donggou Bridge as a case study. This paper adopts 6D modelling, incorporating 3D model information with time schedule, cost estimation, and carbon footprint analysis across the lifecycle of the bridge project. The results of this paper reveal that raw materials contribute the most embodied carbon emissions, and as the 6D BIM model was developed in the early stage of the lifecycle, stakeholders can collaborate within the BIM environment to enhance a more sustainable and cost-effective outcome in advance. This study also demonstrates the possibility of BIM applications to bridge infrastructure projects throughout the whole lifecycle. The 6D BIM can save time by transforming 2D information to 3D information and reducing errors during the pre-construction and construction stages through better visualisation for staff training. Moreover, 6D BIM can promote efficient asset and project management since it can be applied for various purposes simultaneously, such as sustainability, lifecycle asset management and maintenance, condition monitoring and real-time structural simulations. In addition, BIM can promote cooperation among working parties and improve visualisation of the project for various stakeholders.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2436
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2020


  • building information modelling (BIM)
  • 6D
  • bridges
  • planning
  • scheduling
  • cost
  • carbon emission
  • life cycle


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