Survival and Complication Rates of Fixed Restorations Supported by Locking-Taper Implants: A Prospective Study with 1 to 10 Years of Follow-Up

Francesco Mangano*, Aldo Macchi, Alberto Caprioglio, Rachel Lilian Sammons, Adriano Piattelli, Carlo Mangano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this 10-year follow-up study was to evaluate the implant survival and complication rates of fixed restorations supported by locking-taper implants. Materials and Methods: Over a 10-year period (January 2002 to December 2011) all patients referred to a single private practice for treatment with fixed restorations (single crowns, SCs; fixed partial prostheses, FPPs; fixed full arches, FFAs) supported by dental implants were considered for inclusion in the study. At each annual follow-up session, clinical, radiographic, and prosthetic parameters were assessed. The surviving implant-supported restorations were defined as "complication free" in the absence of any biological or prosthetic (mechanical or technical) complication. The cumulative implant survival and the "complication-free" survival of fixed implant-supported restorations were identified using the Kaplan-Meier method. The Log-rank test was used to identify correlations between the study variables. Results: In total, 1494 locking-taper implants (727 maxilla, 767 mandible) were placed in 642 patients (356 males, 286 females). Nineteen implants (12 maxilla, 7 mandible) failed. Implant failures were attributed to lack of osseointegration (14 implants), peri-implantitis (4 implants), and mechanical overloading (1 implant). An overall 10-year cumulative implant survival rate of 98.7% (98.3% maxilla, 99.1% mandible) was found. The implant survival rates did not significantly differ with respect to implant location, position, bone type, implant length and diameter, and type of restorations. Among the surviving implant-supported restorations (478 SC, 242 FPP, 19 FFA), a few biological (11/739: 1.4%) and prosthetic (27/739: 3.6%) complications were reported. The incidence of mechanical complications was low (3/739: 0.4%), with three loosened abutments in three SCs (3/478: 0.6%), and no abutment fractures; technical complications were more frequent (24/739: 3.2%), with an incidence of decementation of 2.0% (SC 2.0%, FPP 1.6%, FFA 5.2%) and ceramic/veneer chipping/fracture of 1.2% (SC 0.0%, FPP 2.8%, FFA 10.5%). A 10-year cumulative "complication-free" survival of restorations of 88.6% (SC 91.7%, FPP 83.1%, FFA 73.8%) was reported. The complication rates differ significantly with respect to the type of restoration (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Fixed restorations on locking-taper implants seem to be a successful procedure for the rehabilitation of partially and completely edentulous arches.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-444
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Prosthodontics
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Implant survival
  • Mechanical complications
  • Morse taper connection implants
  • Technical complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry

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