Surgery in the era of the 'omics revolution

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Surgery is entering a new phase with the revolution in genomic technology. Cheap, mass access to next-generation sequencing is now allowing the analysis of entire human genomes at the DNA and RNA level. These data sets are being used increasingly to identify the molecular differences that underlie common surgical diseases, and enable them to be stratified for patient benefit.

This article reviews the recent developments in the molecular biology of colorectal, oesophagogastric and breast cancer.

The review specifically covers developments in genetic predisposition, next-generation sequencing studies, biomarkers for stratification, prognosis and treatment, and other 'omics technologies such as metabolomics and proteomics.

There are unique opportunities over the next decade to change the management of surgical disease radically, using these technologies. The directions that this may take are highlighted, including future advances such as the 100 000 Genomes Project.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e29-e40
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jan 2015


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