Sudden expansion of a one-dimensional bose gas from power-law traps

A. S. Campbell, D. M. Gangardt, K. V. Kheruntsyan

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22 Citations (Scopus)


We analyze free expansion of a trapped one-dimensional Bose gas after a sudden release from the confining trap potential. By using the stationary phase and local density approximations, we show that the long-time asymptotic density profile and the momentum distribution of the gas are determined by the initial distribution of Bethe rapidities (quasimomenta) and hence can be obtained from the solutions to the Lieb-Liniger equations in the thermodynamic limit. For expansion from a harmonic trap, and in the limits of very weak and very strong interactions, we recover the self-similar scaling solutions known from the hydrodynamic approach. For all other power-law traps and arbitrary interaction strengths, the expansion is not self-similar and shows strong dependence of the density profile evolution on the trap anharmonicity. We also characterize dynamical fermionization of the expanding cloud in terms of correlation functions describing phase and density fluctuations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125302
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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