Luca Rubini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


The author has mapped the provisions on subsidies in 283 PTAs signed between 1956 and early November 2016 included in the WTO Regional Trade Agreements Information System (‘RTA-IS’). This mapping is functional to assessing the vertical depth of these provisions, partly using as benchmark the relevant disciplines in the WTO, which is the ultimate purpose of the Deep Integration research agenda of the World Bank, and follows up the Horizontal Depth project. This paper outlines the methodology underlying the creation of a new dataset and includes an initial description of the main patterns that emerge from the dataset. The final section of the paper attempts to offer some tentative conclusions on the vertical depth of the subsidy provisions in the examined PTAs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Deep Trade Agreements
EditorsAaditya Mattoo, Nadia Rocha, Michele Ruta
PublisherThe World Bank
ISBN (Electronic)9781464815546
ISBN (Print)9781464815393
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2020


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