Study of gaseous benzene effects upon A549 lung epithelial cells using a novel exposure system

Nikolas Hodges, Juana Maria Delgado Saborit, Massimiliano Mascelloni, Roy Harrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
207 Downloads (Pure)


Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are ubiquitous pollutants known to be present in both indoor and outdoor air arising from various sources. Indoor exposure has increasingly become a major cause of concern due to the effects that such pollutants can have on health. Benzene, along with toluene, is one of the main components of the VOC mixture and is a known carcinogen due to its genotoxic effects. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of an in vitro model to study the short-term effects of exposure of lung cells to airborne benzene. We studied the effects of exposure on DNA and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in A549 cells, exposed to various concentrations of benzene (0.03; 0.1; 0.3 ppm) in gaseous form using a custom designed cell exposure chamber. Results showed a concentration-dependent increase of DNA breaks and an increase of ROS production, confirming the feasibility of the experimental procedure and validating the model for further in vitro studies of exposure to other VOCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages7
JournalToxicology Letters
Issue number1
Early online date26 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2015


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