Stress path testing of realistically cured lime and lime/cement stabilized clay

Christopher Rogers, David Boardman, Georgios Papadimitriou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)


This paper aims to show that the addition of lime and lime/cement can significantly improve both the stiffness and the resistance to permanent deformation of clay soils even under adverse, though realistic, curing conditions. The AASHTO Guide for Design of Pavement Structures incorporates a method of calculating subgrade resilient modulus (M-R), using repeated load triaxial testing. with respect to seasonal variations of the soil's moisture content and temperature, while the equivalent British specifications adopt a "soaked California bearing ratio" approach. In practice 8 degrees C is a realistic worst case curing temperature in situ and a (necessarily) wetter underlying clay will allow water to be drawn into the chemically treated layer during curing as a result of suctions, while the material will experience a small degree of confinement after compaction. These conditions have been replicated in a series of repeated load triaxial tests on lime and lime/cernent stabilized, predominantly kaolinitic clay and the results compared with those from sealed samples, which were also Cured at 8 degrees C. All samples were subjected to 100 cycles of stresses representing 20, 40, 60, and 80% of the relevant Undrained shear strength. This paper concludes that allowing the samples access to water is necessary if field performance is to be replicated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006


  • soil stabilization
  • clays
  • foundations
  • stiffness
  • lime
  • cement
  • deformation
  • roads


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