Sterile lung inflammation induced by silica exacerbates mycobacterium tuberculosis infection via STING-dependent type 2 immunity

Sulayman Benmerzoug, Badreddine Bounab, Stéphanie Rose, David Gosset, Franck Biet, Thierry Cochard, Aurore Xavier, Nathalie Rouxel, Louis Fauconnier, William G C Horsnell, Bernhard Ryffel, Dieudonnee Togbe, Valerie F J Quesniaux

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11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Lung inflammation induced by silica impairs host control of tuberculosis, yet the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we show that silica-driven exacerbation of M. tuberculosis infection associates with raised type 2 immunity. Silica increases pulmonary Th2 cell and M2 macrophage responses, while reducing type 1 immunity after M. tuberculosis infection. Silica induces lung damage that prompts extracellular self-DNA release and activates STING. This STING priming potentiates M. tuberculosis DNA sensing by and activation of cGAS/STING, which triggers enhanced type I interferon (IFNI) response and type 2 immunity. cGAS-, STING-, and IFNAR-deficient mice are resistant to silica-induced exacerbation of M. tuberculosis infection. Thus, silica-induced self-DNA primes the host response to M. tuberculosis-derived nucleic acids, which increases type 2 immunity while reducing type 1 immunity, crucial for controlling M. tuberculosis infection. These data show how cGAS/STING pathway activation, at the crossroads of sterile inflammation and infection, may affect the host response to pathogens such as M. tuberculosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2649-2664.e5
Number of pages22
JournalCell Reports
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 May 2019

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