STARD 2015: An Updated List of Essential Items for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy Studies

Patrick M Bossuyt, Johannes B Reitsma, David E Bruns, Constantine A Gatsonis, Paul P Glasziou, Les Irwig, Jeroen G Lijmer, David Moher, Drummond Rennie, Henrica C W de Vet, Herbert Y Kressel, Nader Rifai, Robert M Golub, Douglas G Altman, Lotty Hooft, Daniël A Korevaar, Jérémie F Cohen, STARD Group collaborators, Susan Mallett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

263 Citations (Scopus)


Incomplete reporting has been identified as a major source of avoidable waste in biomedical research. Essential information is often not provided in study reports, impeding the identification, critical appraisal, and replication of studies. To improve the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies, the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD) statement was developed. Here we present STARD 2015, an updated list of 30 essential items that should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study. This update incorporates recent evidence about sources of bias and variability in diagnostic accuracy and is intended to facilitate the use of STARD. As such, STARD 2015 may help to improve completeness and transparency in reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)826-832
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Early online date28 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • Bias (Epidemiology)
  • Diagnostic Tests, Routine
  • Humans
  • Quality Control
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Research Design
  • Terminology as Topic


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