Solids motion of calcium carbonate particles in a high shear mixer granulator: A comparison between dry and wet conditions

B Ng, C Kwan, Y Ding, M Ghadiri, Xianfeng Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


An experimental study has been carried out on the solids motion in a conical frustum-shaped vertical high shear mixer granulator by using the positron emission particle tracking (PEPT) technique. The mixer granulator has a vertical shaft, to which four sets of impellers are attached at different elevations. The shaft is operated at 3.9 Hz, 4.9 Hz and 5.8 Hz, which corresponded to the top impeller tip speed of 2.8, 3.5 and 4.1 m/s. The motion of calcium carbonate particles with and without a liquid binder is evaluated. Particles are observed to circulate in both the horizontal and vertical directions. The macroscopic solids circulation in the vertical direction reduces after adding the binder. There is a dominant solids motion in the tangential direction under both the dry and wet conditions with the maximum tangential velocity of 2.2 to 12.6 times that of the maximum axial and radial velocities. No obvious change is observed in the average axial and radial velocities when the impeller speed is changed under both dry and wet conditions, while the ratio of the maximum tangential velocity to the tip speed decreases with increasing impeller speed, suggesting a velocity-dependent behaviour. The three velocity components decrease in the magnitude after adding the binder at all tested agitation speeds except for the tangential velocity at a shaft speed of 3.9 Hz. The main difference between the dry and wet operations is that the decrease of tangential velocity in the near-wall zone under the dry condition is not observed under the wet condition. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalPowder Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2007


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