Solidification and grain refinement in Ti45Al2Mn2Nb1B subjected to fast cooling

Chao Yang, David Hu, Aijun Huang, Mark Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Solidification of Ti45Al2Mn2Nb1B in the cooling rate range from 102 K s-1 to that of gas atomisation occurred via beta phase and the peritectic reaction, L+β→α, followed when the cooling rate was at the lower end of this range. At the cooling rate of about 102 K s-1 the solidification pathway was basically the same as that during slow solidification but the onset of boride precipitation from liquid was delayed, causing boride precipitates to segregate to the interdendritic areas. In fine powder particles (<100 mm) the peritectic reaction was not observed and boride precipitation from liquid was partially suppressed. Instead, an Al-rich alpha phase saturated with boron was formed in the interdendritic area consuming the last liquid and fine boride precipitation occurred within it upon further cooling. The boron addition was found to effect on nucleation of peritectic alpha during solidification at about 102 K s-1 and to help breaking down the Burgers orientation relationship for the subsequent beta-to-alpha transformation during solidification at higher cooling rates. In all the cases, boron addition led to grain refinement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64
Number of pages8
Early online date9 Oct 2012
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013


  • Titanium aluminides, based on TiAl,
  • Phase identification,
  • Phase transformation,
  • Crystal growth,
  • Microstructure


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