Sodium is elevated in mdx muscles: ionic interactions in dystrophic cells

J F Dunn, N Bannister, G J Kemp, S J Publicover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Recent evidence suggests that cellular sodium regulation may be abnormal in muscular dystrophy. We have measured intracellular sodium concentration (Nai) in muscles of mdx mice (a model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy) using two techniques. Nai in isolated diaphragm (measured using a microelectrode) was 13.0 +/- 0.3 mM and 23.5 +/- 0.7 mM (mean +/- SE) in the control and mdx mice respectively. Nai in gastrocnemius muscle (calculated from extra- and intracellular volumes using serum and whole-muscle sodium concentrations) was 13 +/- 3 mM and 24 +/- 2 mM (mean +/- SE) in control and mdx, respectively. We argue that this abnormality in mdx tissues could reflect a reduced flux through the Na/K ATPase, although a contribution from increased Na leak cannot be ruled out. We also discuss possible consequences of an increased Nai: for example, raised Nai may lead to defective cell volume control in Duchenne dystrophy and the mdx mouse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-80
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1993


  • Sodium
  • Animals
  • Calcium
  • Diaphragm
  • Respiratory Muscles
  • Muscles
  • Mice, Neurologic Mutants
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Animal
  • Microelectrodes


Dive into the research topics of 'Sodium is elevated in mdx muscles: ionic interactions in dystrophic cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this