Snacktivity™ to promote physical activity and reduce future risk of disease in the population: protocol for a feasibility randomised controlled trial and nested qualitative study

Amanda J Daley*, Ryan A Griffin, Catherine A Moakes, James P Sanders, Magdalena Skrybant, Natalie Ives, Ben Maylor, Sheila M Greenfield, Kajal Gokal, Helen M Parretti, Stuart J H Biddle, Colin Greaves, Ralph Maddison, Nanette Mutrie, Dale W Esliger, Lauren Sherar, Charlotte L Edwardson, Tom Yates, Emma Frew, Sarah TearneKate Jolly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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BACKGROUND: Many people do not regularly participate in physical activity, which may negatively impact their health. Current physical activity guidelines are focused on promoting weekly accumulation of at least 150 min of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA). Whilst revised guidance now recognises the importance of making small changes to physical activity behaviour, guidance still focuses on adults needing to achieve at least 150 min of MVPA per week. An alternative 'whole day' approach that could motivate the public to be more physically active, is a concept called Snacktivity™. Instead of focusing on achieving 150 min per week of physical activity, for example 30 min of MVPA over 5 days, Snacktivity™ encourages the public to achieve this through small, but frequent, 2-5 min 'snacks' of MVPA throughout the whole day.

METHODS: The primary aim is to undertake a feasibility trial with nested qualitative interviews to assess the feasibility and acceptability of the Snacktivity™ intervention to inform the design of a subsequent phase III randomised trial. A two-arm randomised controlled feasibility trial aiming to recruit 80 inactive adults will be conducted. Recruitment will be from health and community settings and social media. Participants will be individually randomised (1:1 ratio) to receive either the Snacktivity™ intervention or usual care. The intervention will last 12 weeks with assessment of outcomes completed before and after the intervention in all participants. We are interested in whether the Snacktivity™ trial is appealing to participants (assessed by the recruitment rate) and if the Snacktivity™ intervention and trial methods are acceptable to participants (assessed by Snacktivity™/physical activity adherence and retention rates). The intervention will be delivered by health care providers within health care consultations or by researchers. Participants' experiences of the trial and intervention, and health care providers' views of delivering the intervention within health consultations will be explored.

DISCUSSION: The development of physical activity interventions that can be delivered at scale are needed. The findings from this study will inform the viability and design of a phase III trial to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Snacktivity™ to increase physical activity.


Original languageEnglish
Article number45
Number of pages15
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

© 2023. The Author(s).


  • Health
  • Interviews
  • Physical activity
  • Randomised feasibility trial
  • Small bouts
  • Snacktivity™
  • Study Protocol


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