We report negative and positive refraction in a prism made of stacked perforated thin surfaces for s and p polarization, respectively. By corrugating the subwavelength slits of a free-standing periodic arrangement, geometrically induced surface-plasmon-like currents are excited and transmission is allowed under s polarization (electric-field vector parallel to the slit). When several of those corrugated slit arrays are subwavelength stacked, the stack behaves as a negative effective index medium (because of double negativity) under s polarization, whereas it behaves as a positive effective index medium under p polarization. The birefringence has been confirmed by the usual wedge experiment in the millimeter-wave range.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics