Simultaneous diffuse optical and Bioluminescence tomography to account for signal attenuation to improve source localization

Alexander Bentley, Jon Rowe, Hamid Dehghani

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Photonics based pre-clinical imaging is an extensively used technique to allow for the study of biologically relevant activity typically within a small-mouse model. Namely, bioluminescent tomography (BLT) attempts to tomographically reconstruct the 3-dimensional spatial light distribution of luminophores within a small animal given surface light measurements and known underlying optical parameters. Often it is the case where these optical parameters are unknown leading to the use of a ‘best’ guess approach or to direct measurements using either a multi-modal or dedicated system. Using these conventional approaches, can lead to both inaccurate results and extending periods of imaging time. This work introduces the development of an algorithm that is used to accurately localize the spatial light distribution from a bioluminescence source within a subject by simultaneously reconstructing both the underlying optical properties and source spatial distribution and intensity from the same set of surface measurements. Through its application in 2- and 3-dimensional, homogeneous and heterogenous numerical models, it is demonstrated that the proposed algorithm is capable of replicating results as compared to ‘gold’ standard where the absolute optical properties are known. Additionally, the algorithm has been applied to experimental data using a tissue mimicking block phantom, recovering a spatial light distribution that has a localization error of ~1.53 mm, which is better than previously published results without the need of assumptions regarding the underlying optical properties or source distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6428-6444
Number of pages18
JournalBiomedical Optics Express
Issue number11
Early online date16 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020


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