Short-term in vitro effects of low frequency ultrasound on odontoblast-like cells

Ben Scheven, Jane Millard, Paul Cooper, Simon Lea, Anthony Walmsley, Anthony Smith

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30 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the effects of low frequency ultrasound (US) were examined on odontoblasts, the primary cell responsible for dentinogenesis and dentine repair. An established odontoblast-like cell line, MDPC-23, was subjected to 30 kHz ultrasound at three different power settings. US induced a marginal level of cell death (3% to 4%) at lower amplitudes rising to 25% cell death at the highest power tested. The latter was reflected in a 30% decrease in cell attachment after 4 to 24 h of culture, while the number of adherent cells was reduced by approximately 10% to 15% in the lower power groups. Cell replication after 24 h, as measured by BrdU incorporation, showed no significant changes in the US-treated groups. Gene expression analyses demonstrated a moderate dose-dependent increase in the expression of GAPDH (glyseraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase)-normalised collagen type I, osteopontin (OPN), transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGFbeta1) and the heat shock protein (hsp) 70. The greatest change was found in the expression of the small hsp 25/27, which showed a two- to six-fold increase following US treatment. No significant effects were observed for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and core-binding factor A1 (CBFA1/Runx2) expression levels. This is the first report describing US effects on odontoblasts. Further studies are warranted to elucidate US effects on odontoblast function and to evaluate US as a therapeutic application in dentine repair.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1475-82
Number of pages8
JournalUltrasound in Medicine & Biology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2007


  • cell proliferation
  • cell viability
  • odontoblast
  • ultrasound
  • gene expression
  • cell adhesion
  • heat shock protein
  • tooth repair


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