The Bees Algorithm – A Gentle Introduction

Marco Castellani*, Duc Pham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


The Bees Algorithm is a popular optimisation method taking inspiration from the food foraging behaviour of honey bees. The algorithm performs a kind of exploi-tative neighbourhood search combined with random explorative search. This chapter describes in detail the Bees Algorithm and its variants. The description of the Bees Algorithm is framed in the general context of parameter optimisation, highlighting the main issues and how the Bees algorithm addresses them. The state-of-the-art of the empirical and theoretical understanding of the Bees Algo-rithm is discussed and areas of further work are suggested.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntelligent Manufacturing and Production Optimisation – The Bees Algorithm Approach
EditorsDuc Truong Pham, Natalia Hartono
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9783031145377
ISBN (Print)9783031145360, 9783031145391
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2022

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Advanced Manufacturing
ISSN (Print)1860-5168
ISSN (Electronic)2196-1735


  • Bees Algorithm
  • swarm intelligence
  • Biomimicry
  • optimisation

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