OBJECTIVE: Whole body hypoperfusion and lower torso ischaemia-reperfusion contribute to post-operative organ dysfunction in patients undergoing repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Serum lactate and base deficit are markers of tissue ischaemia and are used to assess the adequacy of resuscitation. This study examines the prognostic value of immediate post-operative levels of serum lactate and base deficit in ruptured AAA. METHODS: Thirty patients (24 men and 6 women of median age 74, range 51-85, years) who survived to at least 12h after ruptured AAA repair were studied retrospectively. The relationship between immediate post-operative lactate, base deficit and mortality was determined. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (50%) died, all from organ failure. An elevated lactate (>2.1 mmol/l) and base deficit ( or =4.0 mmol/l was 13 of 15 (87%) and 12 of 15 (80%), respectively, and base deficit <or =-7 mmol/l was 12 of 15 (80%) and 12 of 15 (80%), respectively. The likelihood ratios for a positive result with the defined cut-off values for lactate and base deficit were 4.3 and 4.0, respectively. Lactate > or =4.0 mmol/l and base deficit or =-7 mmol/l were associated with a 4% probability of death. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that an immediate post-operative serum lactate > or =4.0 mmol/l and base deficit <or =-7 mmol/l are good predictors of outcome after ruptured AAA repair. The prognostic value of these simple and inexpensive tests require corroboration in a larger prospective study.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sept 2005|