Seifert fibering operators in 3d $\mathcal{N}=2$ theories

Cyril Closset, Heeyeon Kim, Brian Willett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study 3d N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories on closed oriented Seifert manifolds — circle bundles over an orbifold Riemann surface —, with a gauge group G given by a product of simply-connected and/or unitary Lie groups. Our main result is an exact formula for the supersymmetric partition function on any Seifert manifold, generalizing previous results on lens spaces. We explain how the result for an arbitrary Seifert geometry can be obtained by combining simple building blocks, the “fibering operators.” These operators are half-BPS line defects, whose insertion along the S1 fiber has the effect of changing the topology of the Seifert fibration. We also point out that most supersymmetric partition functions on Seifert manifolds admit a discrete refinement, corresponding to the freedom in choosing a three-dimensional spin structure. As a strong consistency check on our result, we show that the Seifert partition functions match exactly across infrared dualities. The duality relations are given by intricate (and seemingly new) mathematical identities, which we tested numerically. Finally, we discuss in detail the supersymmetric partition function on the lens space L(p, q)b with rational squashing parameter b2 ∈ ℚ, comparing our formalism to previous results, and explaining the relationship between the fibering operators and the three-dimensional holomorphic blocks.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Seifert fibering operators in 3d $\mathcal{N}=2$ theories'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this