Seeing, feeling, educating: British and American Quakers and the visual record of humanitarian relief work in Russia and Poland, 1916-1924

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

    Abstract

    In chapter 6 Siân Roberts uses the visual turn to trace the extensive use made of images between 1916 and 1924 by Quaker humanitarian relief teams to educate the public about the consequences of war. Examining two different collections of images, (one created at the organizational level and one a personal archive), the chapter explores the emotional geographies such images embodied about relief work in Russia and Poland at this time. Well-meaning Quaker agencies, under pressure to raise funds, used increasingly disturbing and stereotypical imagery that focused on the horror of naked and emaciated bodies of children. The image was also used by Quaker relief workers to disseminate their message to missionaries via lantern slide lectures and voiced testimony. Focusing on the work of English Quaker Florence Barrow and other fellow Quaker activists, this chapter argues their use of images went further, aiming to produce pedagogic outcomes for these children by encouraging audiences to recognize their shared humanity with distant others. The chapter examines the contextual narrative of these images to give additional depth to this analysis, which includes the use of the author’s own subjectivity when assessing the agency of such women regarding their work in Eastern Europe.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationAppearances Matter
    Subtitle of host publicationThe Visual in Educational History
    EditorsTim Allender, Ines Dussel, Ian Grosvenor, Karin Priem
    Place of PublicationBerlin
    PublisherDe Gruyter Oldenbourg
    Chapter6
    Pages129-154
    Number of pages26
    Edition1st
    ISBN (Electronic)9783110631715, 9783110634945
    ISBN (Print)9783110631258
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2021

    Publication series

    NameAppearances - Studies in Visual Research
    PublisherDe Gruyter Oldenbourg
    Volume2

    Keywords

    • visual methodologies
    • humanitarian education

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