Scaling relations in early-type galaxies belonging to groups

Habib Khosroshahi, Somak Raychaudhury, Trevor Ponman, Trevor Miles, DA Forbes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)


We present a photometric analysis of a large sample of early-type galaxies in 16 nearby groups, imaged with the Wide-Field Camera on the Isaac Newton Telescope. Using a two-dimensional surface brightness decomposition routine, we fit Sersic (r(1/n)) and exponential models to their bulge and disc components, respectively. Dividing the galaxies into three subsamples according to the X-ray luminosities of their parent groups, we compare their photometric properties. Galaxies in X-ray luminous groups tend to be larger and more luminous than those in groups with undetected or low X-ray luminosities, but no significant differences in n are seen. Both normal and dwarf elliptical galaxies in the central regions of groups are found to have cuspier profiles than their counterparts in group outskirts. Structural differences between dwarf and normal elliptical galaxies are apparent in terms of an offset between their 'photometric planes' in the space of n, r(e) and mu(0). Dwarf ellipticals are found to populate a surface, with remarkably low scatter, in this space with significant curvature, somewhat similar to the surfaces of constant entropy proposed by Marquez et al. Normal ellipticals are offset from this distribution in a direction of higher specific entropy. This may indicate that the two populations are distinguished by the action of galaxy merging on larger galaxies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527
Number of pages1
JournalRoyal Astronomical Society. Monthly Notices
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2004


  • galaxies : structure
  • galaxies : dwarf
  • X-ray : galaxies : clusters
  • galaxies : elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • galaxies : fundamental parameters
  • galaxies : evolution


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