Sampling variation of RAD-seq data from diploid and tetraploid potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

Zhenyu Dang, Jixuan Yang, Lin Wang, Qin Tao, Fengjun Zhang, Yuxin Zhang, Zewei Luo

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The new sequencing technology enables identification of genome-wide sequence-based variants at a population level and a competitively low cost. The sequence variant-based molecular markers have motivated enormous interest in population and quantitative genetic analyses. Generation of the sequence data involves a sophisticated experimental process embedded with rich non-biological variation. Statistically, the sequencing process indeed involves sampling DNA fragments from an individual sequence. Adequate knowledge of sampling variation of the sequence data generation is one of the key statistical properties for any downstream analysis of the data and for implementing statistically appropriate methods. This paper reports a thorough investigation on modeling the sampling variation of the sequence data from the optimized RAD-seq (Restriction sit associated DNA sequencing) experiments with two parents and their offspring of diploid and autotetraploid potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). The analysis shows significant dispersion in sampling variation of the sequence data over that expected under multinomial distribution as widely assumed in the literature and provides statistical methods for modeling the variation and calculating the model parameters, which may be easily implemented in real sequence datasets. The optimized design of RAD-seq experiments enabled effective control of presentation of undesirable chloroplast DNA and RNA genes in the sequence data generated.
Original languageEnglish
Article number319
Number of pages12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2021


  • sampling variation
  • overdispersion
  • RAD-seq data
  • Solanum tuberosum L.


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