The present study sheds light on the role of social-control agents in punishing misconduct. We posit that social-control agents give each violator a lighter sanction when a great number of people are involved in a misconduct case. However, this relationship is attenuated by violators’ reputation and by the salience of the misconduct to stakeholders before the current case. We test our hypotheses using suspension decisions in 458 doping cases in the context of professional road cycling between 1999 and 2019. Our results indicate that, in general, social-control agents’ punishments depend on internal resource constraints, but when pressure from stakeholders is high, the concern to protect the integrity of the field and their own authority prevails and leads to greater sanctions.
|Academy of Management Proceedings
|Early online date
|26 Jul 2021
|Published - 1 Aug 2021
|The 81st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (AOM 2021): Bringing the Manager Back in Management - Virtual
Duration: 29 Jul 2020 → 4 Aug 2020
- AOM Annual Meeting Proceedings 2021