Role of the cytoskeleton in rapid activation of CD11b/CD18 function and its subsequent downregulation in neutrophils

S I Anderson, N A Hotchin, G B Nash

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When rolling adherent neutrophils are stimulated, they rapidly immobilize through activation of integrin CD11b/CD18, and then modulate attachment through this integrin to allow migration. We investigated links between cytoskeletal rearrangement and changes in function of integrin CD11b/CD18 in neutrophils stimulated with formyl peptide (fMLP). Neutrophils treated with the actin-polymerizing agent jasplakinolide became rolling adherent on monolayers of activated platelets, but could not use CD11b/CD18 to become immobilised when fMLP was perfused over them. If treated with jasplakinolide after fMLP, the cells stopped migrating but could not detach when fMLP was removed. Jasplakinolide did not inhibit changes in intracellular Ca(2+) seen after fMLP treatment, or inhibit neutrophil immobilisation induced by externally added Mn(2+). Thus cytoskeletal rearrangement was directly implicated in upregulation and, later, downregulation of CD11b/CD18 binding. Inhibition of RhoA with C3-transferase caused a dose-dependent reduction of initial rolling adhesion of neutrophils, and reduced the rate of migration after stimulation; however, neither the conversion of rolling to stationary adhesion, nor the ability of neutrophils to detach on removal of the stimulus, were inhibited. Thus, Rho may regulate actin polymerisation and motility in neutrophils, but did not appear to control integrin-mediated adhesion itself. Integrin binding may be promoted by disruption of links to the cytoskeleton, effected through depolymerisation of actin or cleavage of linking protein talin by calpain. Disruption of actin filaments with cytochalasin D did not, however, cause integrin-mediated immobilisation of rolling neutrophils. Although the calpain inhibitor calpeptin did inhibit the adhesion response to fMLP, this was only at doses where actin polymerisation was also ablated. We suggest that the cytoskeleton actively regulates binding conformation of CD11b/CD18 as well as its mobility in the membrane.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2737-45
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume113 ( Pt 15)
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • neutrophils
  • integrins
  • adhesion
  • migration
  • Rho GTPases


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