Risk factors for reduced locomotion in dairy cattle on nineteen farms in the Netherlands

J. R. Amory*, P. Kloosterman, Z. E. Barker, J. L. Wright, R. W. Blowey, L. E. Green

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


A 3-point locomotion scoring system was used that incorporated the position of the back of cows while standing and when walking to investigate risk factors for elevated locomotion scores of 1,450 dairy cows on 19 farms in The Netherlands. Each of the farms was visited twice in an 18-mo period from February 2003 to July 2004. At each visit, all milking and dry cows were scored for locomotion by a single observer. Two multivariable regression models were constructed to identify factors associated with elevated meaki locomotion score (increased abnormality) and the percentage of cows with the highest score (score 3). Risk factors for increased locomotion score were having a hoof-trimming stall with foot-lifting apparatus compared with not having such apparatus (increase in locomotion score = 0.15), presence of a footbath at the parlor exit or other site compared with not having a footbath on the farm (increase in locomotion score = 0.17 and 0.19, respectively), not providing supplemental vitamins and minerals to lactating cows compared with supplementing animals (increase in locomotion score = 0.17) and feeding corn silage to heifers compared with not doing so (increase in locomotion score = 0.10). The results provide a framework for hypotheses for future investigations of risk factors for high locomotion scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1509-1515
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2006


  • Dairy cow
  • Lameness
  • Locomotion score
  • The Netherlands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics


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