Rheumatoid disease and the heart: from epidemiology to echocardiography

GS Bhatia, MD Sosin, Karlis Grindulis, Russell Davis, Gregory Lip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Rheumatoid disease (RD) is a common chronic inflammatory condition associated with progressive joint destruction. Sufferers of RD experience reduced life expectancy, reflected in the increased standardised mortality rates reported in several studies over the last 50 years. Most studies indicate that the increased mortality affecting this population is mainly due to cardio-vascular disease. Epidemiological data have revealed an increased risk of developing ischaemic heart disease and heart failure in RD. The increased risk of ischaemic heart disease may result from traditional risk factors but data suggest that RD may confer risk independently. Although pericardial involvement, valvopathy and myocarditis are the most well-recognised cardiac manifestations of RD, and constitute a rheumatoid heart disease, these features are relatively benign. The current prevalence of rheumatoid heart disease in the era of early administration of disease-modifying therapy requires evaluation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-76
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean journal of clinical investigation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005


  • cardiovascular disease
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • mortality
  • echocardiography


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