Revisiting the Chorzów Factory standard of reparation – its relevance in contemporary international law and practice

Felix E. Torres*

*Corresponding author for this work

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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The Chorzów Factory standard of reparation has been consolidated in the mind-set of international actors since the International Law Commission’s Articles on State Responsibility were adopted in 2001. This article analyses to what extent the recent case law of the International Court of Justice and other international practice concerning injury to aliens and property rights, especially expropriations, reflect the Chorzów Factory standard. It does so by considering whether ‘full reparation’ is the central issue in international disputes that involve state responsibility, if restitutio in integrum prevails over other forms of redress, and if the amount of compensation is established in light of the principle of ‘full reparation’. The interaction between the secondary rules of state responsibility and the primary rules of expropriation will be considered in investor-state disputes. In addressing these questions, the role that adjudicating bodies understand they play in international law and the interests pursued by stakeholders – states and private investors – are examined
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-227
Number of pages38
JournalNordic Journal of International Law
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Felix E. Torres, 2021.


  • Reparations
  • Chorzów Factory
  • Expropriation
  • Compensation
  • Public International Law
  • Investment Law

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Political Science and International Relations


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