Retreatment efficacy of hydraulic calcium silicate sealers used in single cone obturation

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Objective: Removal of obturating materials from the root canal during retreatment is usually accomplished by mechanical means and organic solvents to dissolve the gutta-percha. This strategy is ineffective on sealers. The aim of this research was to assess the efficacy of mechanical instrumentation aided by targeted chemical means for removal of hydraulic sealers.

Methods: A preliminary study assessed the effect of 17% EDTA and 10/20% formic acid applied for 5 or 10 min on dentine and for 5 min on Totalfill BC sealer (FKG). Microhardness and structural integrity by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy were investigated. The optimal solutions were used as adjuncts to mechanical instrumentation to remove obturations made with single cone using a standard gutta-percha and bioceramic coated gutta-percha and Totalfill BC sealer. The removal of obturation material from the root canal system of obturated teeth was evaluated using microcomputed tomography. The canal patency and reestablishment of working length were also checked.

Results: The preliminary study showed that 17% EDTA and 10% formic acid applied for 5 min did not damage the dentine but effected the structural integrity of the sealer. 10% formic acid used in conjunction with mechanical instrumentation was the most efficient method to remove the obturation material from the root canal, achieving over 95% removal for both gutta-percha and the bioceramic coated version and also achieve patency and reestablishment of working length.

Conclusions: The use of a targeted irrigation protocol with a chemical adjunct to the mechanical instrumentation is the best way to retreat teeth obturated with hydraulic calcium silicate sealer and gutta-percha.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103370
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Early online date7 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020


  • Canal preparation
  • Hydraulic root canal sealers
  • Retreatment
  • Single cone root canal obturation


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