BACKGROUND: Little is known about the role of cellular immunity in respiratory virus infections after bone marrow transplantation. METHODS: Forty allograft recipients T-cell depleted with Campath antibodies were evaluated for respiratory virus infections in an active surveillance program with early initiation of antiviral therapy. RESULTS: Eighteen episodes of respiratory virus infection were detected in nine patients (22%) at a median of 95 days, with lower respiratory involvement in 44%. Fourteen episodes were treated with antiviral therapy for 7 to 46 days, with 11% mortality. Respiratory virus infections were more common in patients receiving Campath 100 mg in vivo, but delayed CD4+ recovery was the most significant risk factor. CONCLUSIONS: Respiratory virus infections are common and often recurrent in patients with severe CD4+ T lymphopenia. However, the mortality was low, which may have been due to early institution of antiviral treatment or reduced inflammatory damage to the lungs due to severe lymphopenia.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Oct 2001|