Removal of contaminants from canal water using microwave synthesized zero valent iron nanoparticles

Salma Shad, Marie-France A. Belinga-Desaunay-Nault, Manzar Sohail, Nadia Bashir, Iseult Lynch

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Abstract

Nanoscale zero valent iron nanoparticles (nZVI-NPs) have been used for the remediation of a wide variety of environmental contaminants. Here, nZVI-NPs were synthesized using a green method involving leaf extract of Mentha piperita as the reducing agent and microwave treatment in place of conventional heating. The resulting NP composition, morphology, surface charge and size were studied using UV-visible spectrophotometry (UV-vis), scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) and dynamic light scattering (DLS), respectively. The plasmon resonance spectrum of the synthesized nZVI-NPs had a peak at 292 nm. The synthesized nZVI-NPs were spherical in shape, with sizes between 5 and 10 nm, and negatively charged with zeta potential of −27.9 ± 2.19 mV. The nZVI-NPs with a high reactive surface area were successfully utilized to remove phosphate, lead, ammonia, nitrate and chloride from water samples taken from the Worcester and Birmingham canal at the University of Birmingham, United Kingdom. A successful rapid removal of dissolved agricultural contaminants (phosphate, ammonia, nitrate, lead and chloride) by 10 μg/100 mL nZVI-NPs was observed during reaction times of 12–24 hours, confirming the use of the NPs as a viable remediation strategy. The nZVI-NPs adsorbed 85.01% of phosphate, 99.51% of ammonia, 86.33% of nitrate, and 83.4% of chloride present in the samples initially, as well as removing 79.33% of the lead present within 24 hours.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3057-3065
JournalEnvironmental Science: Water Research & Technology
Volume6
Issue number11
Early online date2 Sept 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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