Relationships between psychological contract violation, stress and well-being in firefighters

Fazeelat Duran*, Darren Bishopp, Jessica Woodhams

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Negative emotions resulting from the broken promises by the organisation or employers, as perceived by an employee are called psychological contract (PC) violation. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between perceived feelings of violation, work-related stress, anxiety and depression. Fairness and self-efficacy are used as mediators to understand the underlying mechanism of associations. Design/methodology/approach: In total, 97 firefighters completed an online-survey and structural equation modelling was used to examine the multiple mediation models. Findings: PC violation was positively associated with occupational stress and job-related well-being. Together, fairness and self-efficacy mediated the relationship between feelings of violation and job-related depression. Therefore, the results partially supported the hypotheses. Originality/value: As the first quantitative study of its kind, this study makes an important contribution to the firefighters literature by investigating the potential influence of PC violation on their work-related stress and well-being. Also, previous studies have failed to identify fairness and self-efficacy as potential mediators of the PC violation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-133
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Workplace Health Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2019


  • Fairness
  • Self-efficacy
  • Stress
  • Violation
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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