REgulation of in vitro and in vivo immune functions by the cytosolic adaptor protein SKAP-HOM

Andrew Pearce, M togni, KD Swanson, S Reimann, BG Neel, B Schraven, A Gerber, S Kliche, L Simeoni, D Reinhold, J Wienands

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    59 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    SKAP-HOM is a cytosolic adaptor protein representing a specific substrate for the Src family protein tyrosine kinase Fyn. Previously, several groups have provided experimental evidence that SKAP-HOM (most likely in cooperation with the cytosolic adaptor protein ADAP) is involved in regulating leukocyte adhesion. To further assess the physiological role of SKAP-HOM, we investigated the immune system of SKAP-HOM-deficient mice. Our data show that T-cell responses towards a variety of stimuli are unaffected in the absence of SKAP-HOM. Similarly, B-cell receptor (BCR)-mediated total tyrosine phosphorylation and phosphorylation of Erk, p38, and JNK, as well as immunoreceptor-mediated Ca2+ responses, are normal in SKAP-HOM-/- animals. However, despite apparently normal membrane-proximal signaling events, BCR-mediated proliferation is strongly attenuated in the absence of SKAP-HOM-/-. In addition, adhesion of activated B cells to fibronectin (a ligand for beta(1) integrins) as well as to ICAM-1 (a ligand for beta(2) integrins) is strongly reduced. In vivo, the loss of SKAP-HOM results in a less severe clinical course of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis following immunization of mice with the encephalitogenic peptide of MOG (myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein). This is accompanied by strongly reduced serum levels of MOG-specific antibodies and lower MOG-specific T-cell responses. In summary, our data suggest that SKAP-HOM is required for proper activation of the immune system, likely by regulating the cross-talk between immunoreceptors and integrins.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8052-8063
    Number of pages12
    JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
    Volume25
    Issue number18
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2005

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