Refrigerated warehouses as intelligent hubs to integrate renewable energy in industrial food refrigeration and to enhance power grid sustainability

Kostadin Fikiin*, Borislav Stankov, Judith Evans, Graeme Maidment, Alan Foster, Tim Brown, Jonathan Radcliffe, Mohammed Youbi-Idrissi, Adrian Alford, Liz Varga, Graciela Alvarez, Ivan Evg Ivanov, Carole Bond, Ina Colombo, Gabriel Garcia-Naveda, Ivaylo Ivanov, Kazuhiro Hattori, Daisuke Umeki, Tsvetan Bojkov, Nikola Kaloyanov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Background Independence from fossil fuels, energy diversification, decarbonisation and energy efficiency are key prerequisites to make a national, regional or continental economy competitive in the global marketplace. As Europe is about to generate 20% of its energy demand from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) by 2020, adequate RES integration and renewable energy storage throughout the entire food cold chain must properly be addressed. Scope and approach Refrigerated warehouses for chilled and frozen foods are large energy consumers and account for a significant portion of the global energy demand. Nevertheless, the opportunity for RES integration in the energy supply of large food storage facilities is often neglected. In situ power generation using RES permits capture of a large portion of virtually free energy, thereby reducing dramatically the running costs and carbon footprint, while enhancing the economic competitiveness. In that context, there exist promising engineering solutions to exploit various renewables in the food preservation sector, in combination with the emerging sustainability-enhancing technology of Cryogenic Energy Storage (CES). Key findings and conclusions Substantial research endeavours are driven by the noble objective to turn the Europe's Energy Union into the world's number one in renewable energies. Integrating RES, in synchrony with CES development and proper control, is capable of both strengthening the food refrigeration sector and improving dramatically the power grid balance and energy system sustainability. Hence, this article aims to familiarise stakeholders of the European and global food preservation industry with state-of-the-art knowledge, know-how, opportunities and professional achievements in the concerned field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-103
Number of pages8
JournalTrends in Food Science & Technology
Early online date23 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017
Event29th EFFoST International Conference - Athens, Greece
Duration: 10 Nov 201512 Nov 2015


  • Cryogenics
  • Energy storage
  • Food preservation
  • Low-carbon economy
  • Refrigerated warehousing
  • Renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science


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