G0 human tonsillar B-lymphocytes were stimulated to divide by the polyclonal mitogen Staphylococcus Aureus Cowan strain 1 (SAC) and by the combined use of 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and the calcium ionophore ionomycin. The activities of protein kinase C, which requires Ca++ and phospholipid as co-factors, and a proteolytically cleaved form of this enzyme (protein kinase M), which is independent of calcium and phospholipid control, were determined in soluble and particulate fractions obtained from activated B cells. Treatment of G0 B cells with SAC or TPA together with ionomycin caused redistribution of protein kinase C from the soluble to the particulate fraction where the 80,000-Dalton protein kinase C was cleaved to give rise to a 50,000-Dalton form of the kinase which was also found in the cytoplasm. These data suggest that redistribution and proteolytic cleavage of protein kinase C are key signal transduction events in B cell mitogenesis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Feb 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology