Rapid onset of mafic magmatism facilitated by volcanic edifice collapse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
94 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Volcanic edifice collapses generate some of Earth’s largest landslides. How such unloading affects the magma storage systems is important for both hazard assessment and for determining long-term controls on volcano growth and decay. Here, we present a detailed stratigraphic and petrological analysis of volcanic landslide and eruption deposits offshore Montserrat, in a subduction zone setting, sampled during IODP Expedition 340. A large (6-10 km3) collapse of the Soufrière Hills volcano at ~130 ka was followed by explosive basaltic volcanism and the formation of a new basaltic volcanic centre, the South Soufrière Hills, estimated to have initiated <100 years after collapse. This basaltic volcanism was a sharp departure from the andesitic volcanism that characterised Soufrière Hills’ activity before the collapse. Mineral-melt thermobarometry demonstrates that the basaltic magma’s transit through the crust was rapid and from mid-crustal depths. We suggest that this rapid ascent was promoted by unloading following collapse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4778-4785
Number of pages8
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume42
Early online date25 May 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Rapid onset of mafic magmatism facilitated by volcanic edifice collapse'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this