Rapid electron backscatter diffraction mapping: Painting by numbers

Vivian Tong, Alexander Knowles, David Dye, T. Benjamin Britton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
142 Downloads (Pure)


Microstructure characterisation has been greatly enhanced through the use of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), where rich maps are generated through analysis of the crystal phase and orientation in the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Conventional EBSD analysis involves raster scanning of the electron beam and serial analysis of each diffraction pattern in turn. For grain shape, crystallographic texture, and microstructure analysis this can be inefficient. In this work, we present Rapid EBSD, a data fusion approach combining forescatter electron (FSE) imaging with static sparse sampling of EBSD patterns. We segment the FSE image into regions of similar colour (i.e. phase and crystal orientation) and then collect representative EBSD data for each segmented region. This enables microstructural assessment to be performed at the spatial resolution of the (fast) FSE imaging whilst including orientation and phase information from EBSD analysis of representative points. We demonstrate the Rapid EBSD technique on samples of a cobalt based superalloy and a strained dual phase titanium alloy, comparing the results with conventional analysis. Rapid EBSD is advantageous for assessing grain size distributions in time-limited experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-279
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Characterization
Early online date14 Nov 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • Microstructure
  • electron imaging
  • sparse sampling


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