In this work we investigate how to achieve equivariance to input transformations in deep networks, purely from data, without being given a model of those transformations. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), for example, are equivariant to image translation, a transformation that can be easily modelled (by shifting the pixels vertically or horizontally). Other transformations, such as out-of-plane rotations, do not admit a simple analytic model. We propose an auto-encoder architecture whose embedding obeys an arbitrary set of equivariance relations simultaneously, such as translation, rotation, colour changes, and many others. This means that it can take an input image, and produce versions transformed by a given amount that were not observed before (e.g. a different point of view of the same object, or a colour variation). Despite extending to many (even non-geometric) transformations, our model reduces exactly to a CNN in the special case of translation-equivariance. Equivariances are important for the interpretability and robustness of deep networks, and we demonstrate results of successful re-rendering of transformed versions of input images on several synthetic and real datasets, as well as results on object pose estimation.
|Title of host publication||The 32nd British Machine Vision Conference proceedings|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Nov 2021|
|Event||The 32nd British Machine Vision Conference - |
Duration: 22 Nov 2021 → 25 Nov 2021
|Conference||The 32nd British Machine Vision Conference|
|Abbreviated title||BMVC 2021|
|Period||22/11/21 → 25/11/21|