Psychometric properties of the sports motivation scale in Spanish athletes

Isabel Balaguer, Isabel Castillo, Joan Duda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)
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The psychometric properties (factorial validity, reliability, and construct validity) of the Spanish version of the Sports Motivation Scale (Sms; Pelletier et al., 1995) were studied in a sample of 301 Spanish athletes. The hypothesized 7-factor structure of the Spanish version of the SMS was confirmed and all subscales demonstrated satisfactory internal reliability. Support for 5- and 3-factor structures was also obtained. Inter-correlations between subscales revealed a simplex pattern, providing evidence for the self-determination continuum and the construct validity of the Spanish Sms. Gender differences in sport motivation emerged with female athletes showing lower levels of external regulation and lower non-motivation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-207
Number of pages11
JournalRevista Mexicana de Psicologia
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • motivation
  • sport
  • self-determination
  • psychometrics
  • intrinsic motivaiton
  • extrinsic motivation
  • physical education
  • self determination
  • amotivation
  • validation
  • validity


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