Psychological factors associated with obtaining employment

Elizabeth Hensel, John Rose, Biza Stenfert Kroese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background  Less than 10% of people with intellectual disabilities are employed. The aim of the present study was to investigate what psychological factors might predict employment outcome for people with intellectual disability who had received a placement in a supported employment service.

Method  Sixty people were interviewed whilst they were in the supported employment preparation agency and where possible 3 and 9 months after leaving. The structured interview included a number of psychological measures. Those who subsequently gained employment were compared with those who did not.

Results  Those who gained employment were significantly more motivated by status aspiration, and judged themselves significantly less happy than those who did not gain employment, at the first interview.

Conclusions  It is possible that people who are more dissatisfied with their life might be more motivated to change their circumstances. Supported employment agencies might consider using a measure of motivation as an entry criterion or as a way of identifying who needs help with developing motivation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-181
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume20
Issue number2
Early online date4 Dec 2006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2007

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